Dipl.-Ing. (FH) Dennis Moschik
Tel. : +49 4103 18886 44
Q : How do you get a CE declaration of conformity?
You don't get a CE declaration of conformity with regard to the EMC requirements, you create it yourself as a manufacturer, distributor or person responsible. A template can be found in Directive 2014/30 / EU of the European Parliament and Council in Appendix IV. The current guideline is available for free download e.g. on the EUR-Lex website https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/DE/ALL/?uri=CELEX%3A32014L0030.
Q : What does CE conformity mean?
CE conformity describes the conformity of a product with the requirements for placing on the market within the European Union. The CE conformity is shown when the manufacturer affixes the CE mark on a product. The requirements with regard to EMC are defined in Germany by the law on the electromagnetic compatibility of equipment (Elektromagnetische-Verträglichkeit-Gesetz EMVG). The law is available on the Internet https://www.gesetze-im-internet.de/emvg_2016/.
Q : When a CE declaration of conformity is required?
A CE declaration of conformity is always mandatory if a product falls within the scope of an EU directive or law that requires a corresponding conformity assessment procedure and CE marking. In the field of EMC, this is Directive 2014/30 / EU within the EU and the Elektromagnetische-Verträglichkeit-Gesetz EMVG within Germany. Exceptions for which no CE declaration of conformity is required are described in the respective document.
Q : Who can state a CE declaration of conformity?
The manufacturer, the distributor or the person responsible for the product is responsible for preparing the declaration of conformity. An accredited testing laboratory therefore usually does not creates a “CE certificate” or a CE declaration of conformity. The test laboratories create test reports. The test reports contain the results of the necessary tests, including a statement of conformity. The declaration of conformity may be drawn up on the basis of these results. According to the EMVG, the “presumption principle” applies here: If all tests that are defined in the applicable harmonized standards and guidelines have been passed, then the product is deemed to be “compliant” within the meaning of the law and may be “declared” as such.
Q : When do I not need a CE declaration of conformity?
There are some exceptions in the scope of the EMC Directive 2014/30 / EU. For these products a CE declaration is not required. In the following list some examples are definded:
- Devices that are intended exclusively for installation in a specific system used a fixed location (e.g. industrial production system for one specific use only)
- Aircraft, motor vehicles, ships, rail vehicles and their components
- Military vehicles and components
- Products that are used exclusively outside of the EU
- Products for which compliance and testing of the guideline is not possible due to physical properties
- Testing, research and development facilities